Working Papers and Manuscripts

In the Shadow of Prison: Journey through Transitional Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda (book)
In the Shadow of Prison, I argue that transitional justice in Rwanda is one of the new battlegrounds of identity politics. The book looks at the lives of individuals tried for genocide crimes by analyzing their legal journey and reintegration into their communities upon release from prison. Between 1996 and 2012, the government prosecuted hundreds of thousands of Hutu suspected of genocide crimes against the Tutsi. While the post-conflict legal system aggressively punished narrowly defined genocide crimes committed by Hutu, it suppressed the reporting and prosecution of other serious crimes often committed by the current regime before, during, and after the genocide against members of that group. The book finds that former detainees were forced to take on simplistic identities that highlighted their criminality and eschewed their victimhood and other identities they held following their release. Since the colonial era, power struggles between political elites in Rwanda have manifested themselves through the politicization of identity. Hence, in this book, I offer a study of transitional justice in Rwanda as a tool of mythmaking and identity transformation. The book exposes how the Rwandan Patriotic Front’s imperative to legitimize its rule impacted the ways in which justice was administered and on whom it was imposed.

“The Role of Coercion in Rwanda’s Transitional Justice” (article)

“Varieties of Authoritarian Control in Rwanda and Burundi” (article)

“The Reproduction of Whiteness in Reflexivity and Positionality Methods Training: A Call for an Intersectional Approach in IR” (article)

“Negotiating “The Enemy” in Post-Genocide Rwanda: Dilemmas in Research Among Génocidaires, Political Opponents, and Other Undesirables” (article with Erin Jessee)

Scholarly Articles

“Limitations of Quotas: Barriers to Women’s Political Power in Kenya.” with Marie Berry and Muthoni Kamuru (Forthcoming Politics and Gender).

“Barriers and Enablers of Women’s Political Participation in Kenya’s Devolved Political System.” with Marie Berry and Marilyn Muthoni Kamuru ( Journal of East African Studies).

“(Oral) History of Violence: Political Analysis of Conflicting Narratives,” Oral History Forum, 33 (2013), Special Issue: Confronting Mass Atrocities.

Book Chapters

“Burundi: Between War and Negative Peace”In War and Peace in the Great Lakes Region, edited by Gilbert Khadiagala. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

“Rwanda” In Africa Yearbook Volume 13, edited by Jon Abbink, Sebastian Elischer, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber. Leiden: Brill, 2017.

Nacibazo, No Problem: Journeying Beneath the Official Discourse of Post-Genocide Rwanda.” In Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa: The Story Behind the Findings, edited by Susan Thomson, An Ansoms and Jude Murison. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Research Reports

“Strengthening the Leadership and Influence of Women in Politics in Kenya” (with Marilyn Muthoni Kamuru, Marie Berry, and Margaret Monyani). Nairobi: Rift Valley Institute. 2017.

“Burundi: Analysis of Obstacles Faced by Political Parties. Netherlands: Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy. 2017.

“Gender Mainstreaming in the Military in Africa: Kenya Case Study” with Romi Sigsworth East Africa Report, Issue 7. Institute for Security Studies.

“Analysing Post-Transition Violence in Burundi” Central Africa Report, Issue 6 (2016). Institute for Security Studies.

“The Battle for Burundi: Is There a Viable Solution” Central Africa Report, Issue 7 (2016). Institute for Security Studies.

“The Crisis in Burundi and the Apathy of International Politics” (2016) with Nanjala Nyabola. Heinrich Böll Foundation E-Paper.

“Status and Dynamics of Political Situation in Burundi” Central Africa Report, Issue 1 (2014). Institute for Security Studies.

Policy Briefs

“Missing the Target: The African Union’s Mediating Efforts in Burundi.” Africa Policy Brief, No 16, Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations, June 2016.

“Gender and Security Sector Reform in Africa” A submission by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) for the 2015 High Level Review of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda (2015) with Romi Sigsworth.

Opinion Pieces

“Wakanda, Afrofuturism, and Decolonizing International Relations Scholarship” Political Violence @ A Glance, February 2018

“Kenyan Women Just Fought One of the Most Violent Political Campaign in History. (with Mary Berry and Marilyn Muthoni Kamuru). Foreign Policy, August 2017.

“Ending the Crisis in Burundi: What to Remember and Keep in Mind.” Heinrich Böll Stiftung, March 2016

“The True Price of Nkurunziza’s Third Term” ISS Today, August 2015

“Burundi, Free and Fair Elections?” Wilson Center Africa Up Close, June 5, 2015

“How to Bring Burundi Back from the Brink of Violence” CNN International, May 15 2015

“Burundi Goes from Peacebuilding Success to Growing Mess” Africa is a Country, May 5, 2015

“Don’t Turn Your Back on Peace, Burundi” ISS Today, April 2015

“A House Divided in Burundi: Rifts at the Heart of the Ruling Party” ISS Today, April 2015

“Situation Analysis: Military Action against the FDLR Looms Large in the Eastern DRC” Peace and Security Council Report, Issue 65 (2015). Institute for Security Studies.

“Burundi: Ringing in the New Year amid Gunfire and Intrigue” ISS Today, January 2015

“Rwanda: Twenty Years Later” ISS Today, April 9, 2014


Publication Types